Capital Market

US inflation at 6.2% in 2021, highest since 1990

Nitin Nimbalkar

01 February 2022

U.S. inflation has surged to the highest levels seen since 1990 at 6.2% (Y/Y) due to factors such as higher shelter and car prices, which are both expected to continue rising as 2022 starts. The Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC) voted to maintain the current Fed Funds rate at the zero-lower bound (0.00% – 0.25%) and accelerate the pace of tapering its asset purchase program to USD 30bn per month starting in mid-January from the current USD 15bn.

10Y Sovereign Yields 10Y Sovereign Yields

Sovereign Ratings Sovereign Ratings

Investors received FOMC participants’ revised outlooks through 2024. Growth expectations were downgraded for years 2021 and 2023 but upgraded for 2022. Inflation expectations were revised up, forecasts for core PCE increased 0.7% to 4.4% in 2021, 0.4% to 2.7% in 2022, 0.1% to 2.3% in 2023, and steady at 2.1% in 2024. The unemployment forecast is steadying out at 3.5% in 2022-2024.

The median of the committee now expects eight rate hikes through 2024 starting in 2022. The median of the Committee expects three rate hikes in 2022 and 2023, and two rate hikes in 2024. The Fed’s long-run neutral rate of 2.5% was not changed.

Indications of possible Rate hikes/tapering from Central Bank Indications of possible Rate hikes/tapering from Central Bank

Rather unexpectedly, Bank of England increased its bank rate by 15 basis points to 0.25% for the first time since the pandemic citing a more persistent outlook on inflation and a tighter labour market. People’s Bank of China cuts the one-year loan prime rates by 5bps to 3.8%, in a move to support economic growth.

Risk assets such as high yield and Additional Tier 1 (AT1) bonds are expected to benefit from the strength of corporate health, along with attractive valuations and low default rates. Emerging markets present a more unclear binary consideration with a tailwind of cheap valuations contrasting with a tightening of monetary conditions from developed markets.

Fixed Income Views - as of Dec 2021 Fixed Income Views - as of Dec 2021s Source: Refinitiv, IMF, JP Morgan, Franklin, Moody’s, Fitch and S&P Colours in Equity views indicate upgrade (green)/downgrade (red)

Know more about the performance of GCC and Global markets in December in our recent Global & GCC Capital Markets Review. Read more

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